تحلیل رفتار سازه های فضاکار در عرشه پل ها با تغییرات قطر و طول اعضا

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه مهندسی عمران، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد اصفهان (خوراسگان)، اصفهان، ایران

2 گروه معماری، موسسه آموزش عالی مهرآیین بندرانزلی، انزلی، ایران

10.22091/cer.2020.5328.1197

چکیده

کاربرد سازه‌های فضاکار، علی‌رغم سهولت و سرعت اجرا همواره محدود به پوشش سقف‌های با دهانه‌های طولانی است. در حالی که این نوع سازه‌ها که با مکانیزم پخش بار در کلیه اعضا، از مقاومت قابل قبولی در برابر بارهای وارده اعم از مرده و زنده برخوردار هستند، می‌توانند جایگزین مناسبی جهت به‌کارگیری در عرشه پل‌ها محسوب شوند. بنابراین در این مقاله، با مدل‌سازی عددی یک عرشه مشبک فضاکار دو لایه با قطر و طول مختلف اعضا، رفتار آن در برابر بارهای مرده و متحرک ناشی از حرکت وسایل نقلیه موتوری مطابق آیین‌نامه آشتو، مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. فرم‌یابی هندسی، با استفاده از جبر فرمکسی توسط نرم‌افزار Formian 2.0 و مدل‌سازی عددی عرشه‌های فضاکار با استفاده از نرم‌افزار اجزای محدود SAP2000 و با تحلیل استاتیکی خطی صورت گرفت. نتایج نشان داد که با افزایش قطر اعضای عرشه مشبک فضاکار دولایه از 94/13 به 37/19 سانتی‌متر، سطح مقطع و در نتیجه سختی اعضا افزایش می‌یابد که این امر منجر به افزایش سختی کل سازه و مقاومت آن در برابر خیز ناشی از بارهای مرده در اثر وزن سازه و خیز ناشی از بارهای متحرک در اثر عبور و مرور وسایل نقلیه موتوری می‌گردد. همچنین با افزایش طول اعضای عرشه مشبک فضاکار دولایه از 5/1 به 5/4 متر، فاصله بین گره‌ها افزایش یافته و تعداد گره‌ها و اعضای دو لایه و مابین آن که قسمت عمده المان‌های کل سازه در این فاصله قرار دارد، کاهش می‌یابد و به تبع آن منجر به کاهش بارهای مرده سازه و خیز ناشی از این بار می‌شود. از طرفی، چون این گره‌ها از نوع مفصلی انتخاب شده است که دارای آزادی حرکت در تمام جهات می‌باشند، بنابراین کاهش تعداد گره‌ها، کاهش نسبی خیز ناشی از بارهای متحرک را به دنبال دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analysis of Behavior of Spatial Structures in Bridges Deck With Changes in Diameter and Length of Members

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Hossein Taghizadeh Valdi 1
  • Mahdiyeh Pourhadi Gavabari 2
1 Department of Civil Engineering, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran.
2 Department of Architecture, Mehr-Aeen Higher Education Institute, Bandar Anzali, Iran
چکیده [English]

The use of spatial structures despite the ease and speed of execution is always limited to covering the roofs with long spans. While these types of structures, which by their mechanism of load distribution to all members, have acceptable resistance to incoming loads, both dead and live, can be a good alternative for use in bridges deck. Therefore, in this paper, numerical modeling of a two-layered lattice spatial deck with different diameters and lengths of members, its behavior against dead and live loads caused by moving motor vehicles according to the AASHTO Code is investigated. The geometrical forming of the different topologies was performed using Formex algebra by Formian 2.0 software and numerical modeling of spatial decks using SAP2000 finite element software with linear static analysis. The results showed that with increasing the diameter of the members of the double-layered lattice deck from 13.94 to 19.37 cm, the cross-sectional area and consequently the stiffness of the members increase, which leads to an increase in the stiffness of the whole structure and as a result it leads to an increase in its resistance to dead loads due to the weight of the structure and to the moving loads due to the passage of motor vehicles. Also, with increasing the length of the members of the double-layered lattice deck from 1.5 to 4.5 meters, the distance between the nodes has increased and the number of nodes and members of the two layers, and their between which most of the elements of the whole structure are located at this distance has decreased, and consequently, it leads to a reduction in the dead loads of the structure and deflection due to these loads. On the other hand, because these nodes are selected from the joint type, which has freedom of movement in all directions, the reduction in the number of nodes leads to a relative decrease due to moving loads.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Spatial structures
  • Bridge deck
  • Diameter and length of members
  • Deflection
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